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Weapons of offence in ancient Thrace

This article presents a short outline of the appearance and the development of different kinds and forms of offensive weapon in Ancient Thrace over a period extending from the Age of Bronze down to the setting of Roman power during 1st c.A.C.

Besides the finds already mentioned in literary sources in the research paper has been used data from old text and images from records of the past including reliefs, paintings etc. The researcher has accepted that the Bronze Age and especially its last phase 15 c. B. C is the starting point in the development of offensive weapon. At about that time war tends to accompany life more and more often as a result of the great qualitative changes in the Thracian society.

One of the great achievements in the last phase of the Bronze Age is the invention of the sword ( at first the rapier and later double-edged "Danube" sword). At about that time appeared sword-daggers, hollow and double bronze axes. The shape of the copy became more sophisticated and it came to be used more widely. Some technical innovations were introduced, among which the so called "blind bush" used for hollow axes and copies. The quality of bronze improved to a great extent.

The appearance of iron is closely connected with its implementation in the production of weapons. However the replacement of bronze with iron was a long and continual process. Long after iron appeared bronze continued to be used. They were almost the same as the irons ones. It's best illustrated by swords of the so called "Nenstigen" type. Bronze and iron weapons coexist most probably during the 10th c. B. C., too. Only after this date and especial during the second half of the early Iron Age new forms of weapon appeared.

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